RE: [RFC] 4-level page table directories.

From: Chen, Kenneth W <>
Date: 2005-11-05 09:50:26
David Mosberger-Tang wrote on Tuesday, November 01, 2005 7:41 AM
> On 11/1/05, Robin Holt <> wrote:
> > I am trying to get time on one of our larger machines today to run the
> > RandomAccess benchmark (as well as some help from somebody that has run
> > these before).  Is there a certain number of cpus you would like this
> > run on or is a 64p box adequate?
> Oh, even a single CPU should be fine.  Just use a large working set. 
> IIRC, about 16GB should ensure that not even the page tables fit in
> the cache (depending on your cache-size, of course).

Robin, here, something as silly as this test program [*] will show you
the performance regression with 4-level page table:

#include <sys/mman.h>

#define SIZE	(16*1024*1024*1024UL)

int main()
	char* addr;
	unsigned long i, j, sum;
	unsigned long start, end;

	addr = mmap(0, SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,

	/* fault in all the pages */
	for (i=0; i<SIZE; i+=16384)
		addr[i] = 0;

	asm volatile ("mov %0=ar.itc" : "=r"(start));

	for (j=0; j<100000; j++)
		for (i=0; i<SIZE; i+= (1UL << 25))
			sum += addr[i];

	asm volatile ("mov %0=ar.itc" : "=r"(end));

	printf("time is %ld\n", end - start);

With 3-level page table kernel: time is 16405345406
With 4-level page table kernel: time is 26768668506

- Ken

[*] disclaimer: this code can not be even called as a benchmark
    since it does not meet basic benchmark criteria and definitions.
    I did it with maybe 2 minutes or so.  However, given its
    simplicity, such program can be used as an illustrative purpose.

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Received on Sat Nov 05 09:51:02 2005

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.8 : 2005-11-05 09:51:08 EST