Re: [RFC] /proc/efi_memmap

From: Khalid Aziz <>
Date: 2005-09-14 08:47:27
On Tue, 2005-09-13 at 12:30 -0700, Luck, Tony wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 13, 2005 at 10:05:03AM -0600, Khalid Aziz wrote:
> > The userspace kexec tools looks at the memory map to verify a new kernel
> > being loaded in memory will be loaded in memory that is normally
> > available for it. Same goes for initial ramdisk as well. kexec
> > opens /proc/iomem on x86 for this. I had sent a patch in July (subject
> > "[PATCH] /proc/iomem update") that provides same info in /proc/iomem as
> > x86 does and that will take care of kexec needs. I have already tested
> > kexec tool for ia64 with that patch and it works fine.
> I should dust that off and take a look at it.  /proc/iomem seems a curious
> name for a file that contains this information.

It may have evolved from its original use. On x86, it currently seems to
give information about full memory space. David pointed out a bug in the
last patch I had sent out. I found another bug in that patch this
morning which I have fixed now. I am running a few tests on it. I will
send out updated patch tomorrow.

> So what is the current state of kexec for ia64?  I think that there
> are two modes of operation:
> 1) Fast reboot (bypasses f/w ... which takes a significant amount of
>    the reboot time).
> 2) A means to getting a running kernel to take a crash dump.
> In case 1, the system is still running ... so kexec can load the new
> kernel from disk, and arrange for an orderly transfer of control from
> the old kernel to the new.
> In case 2, we need to plan ahead, and have the new kernel pre-loaded
> into some reserved memory so when the panic hits (or the INIT button
> is pressed) we don't need to do any I/O or memory allocation.  We just
> leap to the new kernel.  For this case ia64 would appear to have an
> advantage over other architectures ... we don't need to locate the new
> kernel at any particular address, so we can leave the original kernel
> untouched while we boot just using the reserved block of memory.
> What's working?  What's still being developed?  Can we get this into
> shape for 2.6.15?
> -Tony

I am testing my patch for 2.6.13 kernel. I will try to send it out next
week. A normal reboot using kexec (your case 1) works very reliably. I
have done 9000 back to back kexec reboots bypassing firmware each time
successfully. I have case 2 working as well. If a kernel is pre-loaded,
a pnic or INIT automatically causes a kexec reboot.


Khalid Aziz                       Open Source and Linux Organization
(970)898-9214                                        Hewlett-Packard                                  Fort Collins, CO

"The Linux kernel is subject to relentless development" 
                                - Alessandro Rubini

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Received on Wed Sep 14 08:48:48 2005

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