prposal for new arch_ptrace_stop() hook

From: David Mosberger <davidm_at_napali.hpl.hp.com>
Date: 2005-05-06 00:06:11
Below is a proposal for adding a new arch-hook arch_ptrace_stop()
which allows architectures to do a bit of extra work before a task
stops for ptrace.  The idea was originally proposed by Roland McGrath
and allows significant simplification in the ia64 ptrace code.  For
reference, the patch below includes both the addition of the new hook
(affects linux/ptrace.h and kernel/signal.c) and the ia64-specific
changes (which you can ignore; it's just there to show how the hook
would be used).

The tricky part is the change to signal.c: the problem is that
arch_ptrace_stop() may need to access user-level and as such may block
(e.g., to bring in a page).  The patch below does that _after_
releasing the sighand->siglock.  It also ends up moving the
set_current_state(TASK_TRACED) out of the area protected by
sighand->siglock.  I think that may be OK now, since no signal should
change a task in TASK_TRACED state (I believe the old order was needed
back in the days when TASK_STOPPED was used instead of TASK_TRACED).
Having said that, I'm not 100% sure I didn't miss anything, so I'd
appreciate additional reviews & feedback.

Also, I considered using the existing ptrace_signal_deliver() hook but
that one doesn't cover the ptrace_notify() case, so it wouldn't work
as is.

	--david

 include/linux/ptrace.h    |    4 +
 kernel/signal.c           |    4 -
 arch/ia64/kernel/head.S   |   11 +++
 arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c |  165 ++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
 include/asm-ia64/ptrace.h |   17 ++++
 5 files changed, 122 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)

Index: include/linux/ptrace.h
===================================================================
--- 173f941991f1b68da820e9926a3b7ebdd3a2c8b9/include/linux/ptrace.h  (mode:100644 sha1:a373fc254df29431c52c2a879a67e766d9e3133c)
+++ uncommitted/include/linux/ptrace.h  (mode:100644 sha1:a3701847ea2be078fc68791ff2e2b8f9987c1513)
@@ -117,6 +117,10 @@
 #define force_successful_syscall_return() do { } while (0)
 #endif
 
+#ifndef HAVE_ARCH_PTRACE_STOP
+#define arch_ptrace_stop(info)		do { } while (0)
+#endif
+
 #endif
 
 #endif
Index: kernel/signal.c
===================================================================
--- 173f941991f1b68da820e9926a3b7ebdd3a2c8b9/kernel/signal.c  (mode:100644 sha1:8f3debc77c5b2c6db5c7e360d18f9d2e2502a068)
+++ uncommitted/kernel/signal.c  (mode:100644 sha1:205b6b5e0e101eb0b7cc67b8683f151d78a45cd3)
@@ -1593,10 +1593,12 @@
 
 	current->last_siginfo = info;
 	current->exit_code = exit_code;
+	spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+
+	arch_ptrace_stop(current, info);
 
 	/* Let the debugger run.  */
 	set_current_state(TASK_TRACED);
-	spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
 	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
 	if (likely(current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED) &&
 	    likely(current->parent != current->real_parent ||
Index: arch/ia64/kernel/head.S
===================================================================
--- 173f941991f1b68da820e9926a3b7ebdd3a2c8b9/arch/ia64/kernel/head.S  (mode:100644 sha1:8d3a9291b47f835c43c25d916e400828d590798f)
+++ uncommitted/arch/ia64/kernel/head.S  (mode:100644 sha1:92e0705e8b7293fde75f8fc480666e4848c494c3)
@@ -1010,6 +1010,17 @@
 1:	br.sptk.few 1b				// not reached
 END(start_kernel_thread)
 
+GLOBAL_ENTRY(ia64_flush_rbs)
+	flushrs
+	;;
+	mov ar.rsc = 0
+	;;
+	mov r8 = ar.bspstore
+	mov r9 = ar.rnat
+	mov ar.rsc = 3
+	br.ret.sptk.many rp
+END(ia64_flush_rbs)
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_IA64_BRL_EMU
 
 /*
Index: arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c
===================================================================
--- 173f941991f1b68da820e9926a3b7ebdd3a2c8b9/arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c  (mode:100644 sha1:c253fd5914fcb6e4144f1bc8dc2930a22dbde161)
+++ uncommitted/arch/ia64/kernel/ptrace.c  (mode:100644 sha1:df4d470b2fa9013b74bfaf0e70849dbaa3fb873d)
@@ -402,8 +402,7 @@
 {
 	unsigned long *bspstore, *krbs, regnum, *laddr, *urbs_end, *rnat_addr;
 	struct pt_regs *child_regs;
-	size_t copied;
-	long ret;
+	long ret, err;
 
 	urbs_end = (long *) user_rbs_end;
 	laddr = (unsigned long *) addr;
@@ -451,8 +450,12 @@
 			return 0;
 		}
 	}
-	copied = access_process_vm(child, addr, &ret, sizeof(ret), 0);
-	if (copied != sizeof(ret))
+	if (child == current)
+		err = get_user(ret, (long __user *) addr);
+	else
+		err = (access_process_vm(child, addr, &ret, sizeof(ret), 0)
+		       != sizeof(ret));
+	if (err)
 		return -EIO;
 	*val = ret;
 	return 0;
@@ -534,97 +537,110 @@
 		    unsigned long user_rbs_start, unsigned long user_rbs_end)
 {
 	unsigned long addr, val;
-	long ret;
+	long ret, err;
+
+	if (child == current &&
+	    !access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, user_rbs_start,
+		       (user_rbs_end - user_rbs_start)))
+	    return -EIO;
 
 	/* now copy word for word from kernel rbs to user rbs: */
 	for (addr = user_rbs_start; addr < user_rbs_end; addr += 8) {
-		ret = ia64_peek(child, sw, user_rbs_end, addr, &val);
-		if (ret < 0)
+		if ((ret = ia64_peek(child, sw, user_rbs_end, addr, &val)) < 0)
 			return ret;
-		if (access_process_vm(child, addr, &val, sizeof(val), 1)
-		    != sizeof(val))
+		if (child == current)
+			err = __put_user(val, (unsigned long __user *) addr);
+		else
+			err = access_process_vm(child, addr, &val, sizeof(val),
+						1) != sizeof(val);
+		if (err)
 			return -EIO;
 	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static inline int
-thread_matches (struct task_struct *thread, unsigned long addr)
+void
+arch_ptrace_stop (struct task_struct *child, siginfo_t *info)
 {
-	unsigned long thread_rbs_end;
-	struct pt_regs *thread_regs;
+	struct pt_regs *regs = ia64_task_regs(child);
+	struct switch_stack *sw;
+	unsigned long rbs_end;
 
-	if (ptrace_check_attach(thread, 0) < 0)
+	if (likely (child == current)) {
+		struct ia64_flush_rbs_retval rv;
 		/*
-		 * If the thread is not in an attachable state, we'll
-		 * ignore it.  The net effect is that if ADDR happens
-		 * to overlap with the portion of the thread's
-		 * register backing store that is currently residing
-		 * on the thread's kernel stack, then ptrace() may end
-		 * up accessing a stale value.  But if the thread
-		 * isn't stopped, that's a problem anyhow, so we're
-		 * doing as well as we can...
+		 * Create a minimal switch-stack which just contains enough
+		 * info to do ia64_peek().
 		 */
-		return 0;
+		sw = kmalloc(sizeof(*sw), GFP_KERNEL);
+		rv = ia64_flush_rbs();
+		sw->ar_bspstore = rv.bspstore;
+		sw->ar_rnat = rv.rnat;
+	} else
+		sw = (struct switch_stack *) (child->thread.ksp + 16);
 
-	thread_regs = ia64_task_regs(thread);
-	thread_rbs_end = ia64_get_user_rbs_end(thread, thread_regs, NULL);
-	if (!on_kernel_rbs(addr, thread_regs->ar_bspstore, thread_rbs_end))
-		return 0;
+	/*
+	 * Copy this task's dirty partition from the kernel stack back
+	 * to user-level so ptrace() gets a consistent view of this
+	 * task's stack.
+	 */
+	rbs_end = ia64_get_user_rbs_end(child, regs, NULL);
+	ia64_sync_user_rbs(child, sw, regs->ar_bspstore, rbs_end);
 
-	return 1;	/* looks like we've got a winner */
+	if (child == current)
+		kfree(sw);
 }
 
 /*
- * GDB apparently wants to be able to read the register-backing store
- * of any thread when attached to a given process.  If we are peeking
- * or poking an address that happens to reside in the kernel-backing
- * store of another thread, we need to attach to that thread, because
- * otherwise we end up accessing stale data.
- *
- * task_list_lock must be read-locked before calling this routine!
+ * After PTRACE_ATTACH, a thread's register backing store area in user
+ * space is assumed to contain correct data whenever the thread is
+ * stopped.  arch_ptrace_stop takes care of this on tracing stops.
+ * But if the child was already stopped for job control when we attach
+ * to it, then it might not ever get into ptrace_stop by the time we
+ * want to examine the user memory containing the RBS.
  */
-static struct task_struct *
-find_thread_for_addr (struct task_struct *child, unsigned long addr)
+static void
+ptrace_attach_sync_user_rbs (struct task_struct *child)
 {
-	struct task_struct *g, *p;
-	struct mm_struct *mm;
-	int mm_users;
-
-	if (!(mm = get_task_mm(child)))
-		return child;
-
-	/* -1 because of our get_task_mm(): */
-	mm_users = atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) - 1;
-	if (mm_users <= 1)
-		goto out;		/* not multi-threaded */
+	int stopped = 0;
 
 	/*
-	 * First, traverse the child's thread-list.  Good for scalability with
-	 * NPTL-threads.
+	 * If the child is in TASK_STOPPED, we need to change that to
+	 * TASK_TRACED momentarily while we operate on it.  This ensures
+	 * that the child won't be woken up and return to user mode while
+	 * we are doing the sync.  (It can only be woken up for SIGKILL.)
 	 */
-	p = child;
-	do {
-		if (thread_matches(p, addr)) {
-			child = p;
-			goto out;
+
+	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+	if (child->signal) {
+		spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
+		if (child->state == TASK_STOPPED) {
+			child->state = TASK_TRACED;
+			stopped = 1;
 		}
-		if (mm_users-- <= 1)
-			goto out;
-	} while ((p = next_thread(p)) != child);
+		spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
+	}
+	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
 
-	do_each_thread(g, p) {
-		if (child->mm != mm)
-			continue;
+	if (!stopped)
+		return;
 
-		if (thread_matches(p, addr)) {
-			child = p;
-			goto out;
+	arch_ptrace_stop(child, NULL);
+
+	/*
+	 * Now move the child back into TASK_STOPPED if it should be in a
+	 * job control stop, so that SIGCONT can be used to wake it up.
+	 */
+	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+	if (child->signal) {
+		spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
+		if (child->state == TASK_TRACED &&
+		    (child->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED)) {
+			child->state = TASK_STOPPED;
 		}
-	} while_each_thread(g, p);
-  out:
-	mmput(mm);
-	return child;
+		spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
+	}
+	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1375,7 +1391,7 @@
 sys_ptrace (long request, pid_t pid, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data)
 {
 	struct pt_regs *pt;
-	unsigned long urbs_end, peek_or_poke;
+	unsigned long urbs_end;
 	struct task_struct *child;
 	struct switch_stack *sw;
 	long ret;
@@ -1394,19 +1410,12 @@
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	peek_or_poke = (request == PTRACE_PEEKTEXT
-			|| request == PTRACE_PEEKDATA
-			|| request == PTRACE_POKETEXT
-			|| request == PTRACE_POKEDATA);
 	ret = -ESRCH;
 	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
 	{
 		child = find_task_by_pid(pid);
-		if (child) {
-			if (peek_or_poke)
-				child = find_thread_for_addr(child, addr);
+		if (child)
 			get_task_struct(child);
-		}
 	}
 	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
 	if (!child)
@@ -1417,6 +1426,8 @@
 
 	if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH) {
 		ret = ptrace_attach(child);
+		if (ret == 0)
+			ptrace_attach_sync_user_rbs(child);
 		goto out_tsk;
 	}
 
Index: include/asm-ia64/ptrace.h
===================================================================
--- 173f941991f1b68da820e9926a3b7ebdd3a2c8b9/include/asm-ia64/ptrace.h  (mode:100644 sha1:0bef19538406f2b4e89e07d18809c3e985592eb0)
+++ uncommitted/include/asm-ia64/ptrace.h  (mode:100644 sha1:386eb0c61f920598acdabb8371b5310cfc1f175b)
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
 #define _ASM_IA64_PTRACE_H
 
 /*
- * Copyright (C) 1998-2004 Hewlett-Packard Co
+ * Copyright (C) 1998-2005 Hewlett-Packard Co
  *	David Mosberger-Tang <davidm@hpl.hp.com>
  *	Stephane Eranian <eranian@hpl.hp.com>
  * Copyright (C) 2003 Intel Co
@@ -271,6 +271,11 @@
   struct task_struct;			/* forward decl */
   struct unw_frame_info;		/* forward decl */
 
+  struct ia64_flush_rbs_retval {
+	  unsigned long bspstore;
+	  unsigned long rnat;
+  };
+
   extern void show_regs (struct pt_regs *);
   extern void ia64_do_show_stack (struct unw_frame_info *, void *);
   extern unsigned long ia64_get_user_rbs_end (struct task_struct *, struct pt_regs *,
@@ -283,6 +288,12 @@
   extern void ia64_sync_fph (struct task_struct *);
   extern long ia64_sync_user_rbs (struct task_struct *, struct switch_stack *,
 				  unsigned long, unsigned long);
+  /*
+   * Flush the register-backing store to memory and return the
+   * resulting AR.BSPSTORE and AR.RNAT.
+   */
+  extern struct ia64_flush_rbs_retval ia64_flush_rbs (void);
+
 
   /* get nat bits for scratch registers such that bit N==1 iff scratch register rN is a NaT */
   extern unsigned long ia64_get_scratch_nat_bits (struct pt_regs *pt, unsigned long scratch_unat);
@@ -292,6 +303,10 @@
   extern void ia64_increment_ip (struct pt_regs *pt);
   extern void ia64_decrement_ip (struct pt_regs *pt);
 
+  struct siginfo;
+  extern void arch_ptrace_stop (struct task_struct *, struct siginfo *);
+# define HAVE_ARCH_PTRACE_STOP
+
 #endif /* !__KERNEL__ */
 
 /* pt_all_user_regs is used for PTRACE_GETREGS PTRACE_SETREGS */
-
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Received on Thu May 5 10:07:38 2005

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.8 : 2005-08-02 09:20:38 EST