Re: About intercepting linux system call

From: Randy.Dunlap <>
Date: 2005-01-27 16:27:42
David Mosberger wrote:
> Hi JinShan,
>>>>>>On Thu, 27 Jan 2005 12:54:40 +0800, JinShan Xiong <> said:
>   JinShan> Hi all, i just want to intercept ia64 linux kernel's
>   JinShan> syscall entry. I remapped the physical page contained
>   JinShan> syscall table to a new read/write page in a vmalloc
>   JinShan> region(0xa0000...) since ia64 linux kernel has been linked
>   JinShan> the syscall table into a .rodata section, Yes, I can modify
>   JinShan> the syscall entry now, but the kernel crashed after the
>   JinShan> kernel entered into my own new function.
>   JinShan> I run my test code on a Hp-ia64 machine with redhat AS-2.1e
>   JinShan> installed, and the kernel is 2.4.18-e.47smp.
>   JinShan> I am not familiar with ia64 architecture, please help me,
>   JinShan> thanks.
> Hi JinShan,
> There is no need to copy the syscall table to a writable area.  On
> ia64, the kernel memory is writable (for the kernel) by default.  I
> think the problem in your code is due to the gp register not being
> setup properly before calling into the module.  Each module gets its
> own global-offset-table (GOT) so the gp needs to be loaded up before
> calling any of the module's C function.  However, the kernel assumes
> that all system calls are implemented in the kernel proper, so it
> bypasses the gp-loading that would normally happen when calling
> through a function-pointer.
> This can be fixed with a little stub which takes care of saving the
> old gp-value, loading the modules gp, calling the real function and,
> upon return, restoring the original gp-value.
> I think something like this might work:
> 	.proc new_time_stub
> new_time_stub:
> 	.prologue
> 	.regstk 2, 3, 2, 0
> 	.save ar.pfs, loc1
> 	alloc loc1 = ar.pfs, 2, 3, 2, 0
> 	movl r2 = @gprel(zero);;
> 	.save rp, loc0
> 	mov loc0 = rp
> 	mov loc2 = gp
> 	sub gp = r0, r2
> 	mov out0 = in0
> 	mov out1 = in1
> rp = new_time
> 1:	mov rp = loc0
> 	mov ar.pfs = loc1
> 	mov gp = loc2
> 	br.ret.sptk.many rp
> 	.endp
> Here, "zero" needs to be a symbol that the linker resolves to 0.  You
> can define "zero" either via a linker script or by passing the linker
> the option "--defsym zero=0".  It may not be the most elegant way to
> get the GP value, but it ought to work both on 2.4 and 2.6 (which use
> different module loaders).
> Having said that, two caveats:
>  - In 2.6, sys_call_table is no longer exported, so your code can't
>    work (and that's intentional, see below).
>  - Kernel developers generally frown on modules that try to intercept
>    syscalls.  For one thing, it's potentially racy in an SMP
>    environment and for another, it's questionable whether it's even
>    legal to do so, at least if the module is proprietary (not offering
>    a legal opinion here, just raising a potential red flag).

There are also stacking and unstacking issues when multiple such
syscall interceptors get involved.  I.e., there's no clean way
defined to do this.

> On a related topic, you may find it easier to develop such code with
> the Ski simulator [1].  It's very easy to setup and would let you
> single-step through the code in question, so you can see exactly
> what's going on.
> 	--david
> [1]

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Received on Thu Jan 27 00:42:40 2005

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